Conflict Minerals: The Truth Underlying the Systemic Looting of Congo

Archive for the ‘conflict minerals trade act’ tag

Rwanda’s Mining Sector Output Grew 20% In 2008 – IEPA

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Rwanda’s Mining Sector Output Grew 20% In 2008 – IEPA

Last update: 5:44 a.m. EST Jan. 5, 2009
Jan 05, 2009 (Dow Jones Commodities News via Comtex) — DOW JONES NEWSWIRES

Rwanda’s mining sector output grew 20% in 2008 from the year earlier due
to increased export volumes of tungsten, cassiterite and coltan, the
country’s three leading minerals, the country’s Investment and Export
Promotion Agency said Monday.

By the end of October 2008, mineral export revenues increased to $89
million compared with $71.5 million for the whole of 2007.

“Although the mining sector is still largely artisan, based on the
export figures as of October, the revenues will hit more than $100
million in 2008,” IEPA said, adding that the mining sector is poised to
overtake coffee, tea and tourism as the country’s top revenue earner By

In 2007, mineral exports accounted for 40% of the country’s total export
revenue earnings, IEPA said. However, the report didn’t state the
quantities of minerals exported.

Rwanda now aims to increase annual mineral export revenues to $200
million by 2010 by attracting higher investment, modernizing mining
methods and expanding exploration. As a long term-measure, the country
also expects to attract more investments in mineral processing.

Rwanda has no large-scale mining industry and aid agencies say a large
part of the minerals are smuggled into the country from Congo’s
mineral-rich North Kivu province which has strong social and economic
links with the tiny.

-By Nicholas Bariyo, contributing to Dow Jones Newswires

Written by Congo Kin

May 15th, 2010 at 10:36 pm

Conflict Minerals Critique By Congolese Research Institute

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All these initiatives, however, have to face a basic problem.  The values which motivate the various national or international lobbyists, such as the inalienability of human rights (the civilian victims attributed to armed groups, the enslavement of miners and their inhuman working conditions, the impunity, and the absence of social dividends), the political climate (the management of natural resources, taking into account also the environmental as well as the social impact), and lastly the economic liberalization (the market, rather than the armed groups, regulating the trade), can hardly attempt to raise the level of responsibility of a Congolese state that is no longer seen to exist in many public sectors and areas of the country.   The question that arises is: Without a Congolese state capable of playing its role in controlling and running affairs, how can the minerals of Kivu be de-criminalized?

It is imperative that the various people and organizations of good will who are determined to ensure that the minerals of Kivu are ‘clean’ or conflict-free first work towards a definition of the basics necessary for the re-establishment of the Congolese state.  Only when this is in place will the control of the mining industry be possible.  The various initiatives will not be effective unless this basic condition is met.
Aloys Tegera
March 2010, Pole Institute, Goma, DRC

Click here (PDF) to read entire critique!

What Does Dan Rather Say About Congo That CBS 60 Minutes Does Not?

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CBS ought to be commended for covering the “resource” aspect of the Congo conflict. It is a limited sign of progress for the corporate media that have been silent on the more than decade-long scramble for precious and strategic minerals in the heart of Africa. The broadcast left casual followers of the Congo perplexed because of the gross omissions regarding the resource war that has ravaged the country since 1996.

After 13 years, an estimated 6 million dead, hundreds of thousands of women and children systematically raped as a weapon of war, and widespread pilfering of Congo’s resources, CBS and proponents of the conflict mineral approach were deadly silent on the Western corporate exploitation of Congo’s riches. An orgy of looting and corporate plunder has occurred in the Congo at the expense of the Congolese people. Antonio Guterres, Chief of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights said to the world in a 2008 Financial Times interview, “The international community has systematically looted DRC and we should not forget that.”

The companies at the root of the supply chain responsible for pillaging the Congo have been well documented. The United Nations identified some 85 in four studies from 2001 – 2003 and the Congolese government began a review of 61 in 2007. Below is a limited sample of some of the companies:

Anvil Mining
African Resources
Amalgamated Metal Corporation
AngloGold Ashanti
Banro Corporation
H.C. Starck
Blattner Elwyn Group
Cabot Corporation
Danzer Group
De Beers
Eagle Wings/ Trinitech
El Nino Ventures
Freeport McMoRan
First Quantum
George Forrest International
Katanga Mining
Kemet Corporation
Lundin Mining
Moto Gold
OM Group
International Finance Corporation of the World Bank Group

How is it that after 13 years of witnessing the grotesque carnage playing out on the bodies of Congolese women and not one of these companies was mentioned, referenced or even called to account in the 60 Minutes piece? How is it that proponents of the conflict mineral approach omit ALL of these companies? (Visit to obtain comprehensive listing of companies that CBS and the conflict mineral campaigners omit)

The above companies have been identified as either contributing to the fueling of the conflict, illegally exploiting the natural riches of the Congo or involved in odious contracts to the detriment of the Congolese people. They exploit strategic minerals such as coltan (key to cell phone and electronic devices), gold, copper, cobalt, diamonds, tin, tungsten and many more minerals that are vital to the function of modern society.

CBS traveled all the way to the Congo and did a major broadcast on exploitation of minerals (gold) in the Congo but none of the above companies was mentioned in its broadcast, in spite of their being chaperoned by two Western experts intimately familiar with the Congo.

Reference was made to a study by Human Rights Watch but neither the study nor the company (AngloGold Ahsanti, partly owned by Barrick Gold of Canada) identified in a 2005 Human Rights Watch study “The Curse of Gold,” was mentioned in the broadcast. At the end of the broadcast, viewers were left to believe that Walmart was the culprit in the Congo.

A plethora of studies and institutions have identified the sample of companies referenced above as either fueling the conflict or exploiting the Congolese people. Institutions such as the United Nations, the Congolese Parliament – Lutundula Report, Human Rights Watch, Global Witness, Rights and Accountability in International Development, Greenpeace, Duncan and Allen, Carter Center, Netherlands Institute for Southern Africa (NIZA), Belgian Senate, Southern Africa Resource Watch and the list goes on; have identified the companies. There is no shortage of studies or reports on this matter. Why the silence? Why no mention of the companies?

It is time that the conflict mineral proponents and the corporate media join Dan Rather (see former CBS Anchor Dan Rather’s Emmy nominated investigative report ( on American mining company, Freeport McMoRan in Congo) and others in Breaking the Silence on the systematic looting and exploitation of the Congo, its resources and its people.

Click here to take action to end the conflict in the Congo!

Other useful analysis:
Show Me The Data

Three Problems With 60 Minutes
By Dr. Dan Fahey

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