Conflict Minerals: The Truth Underlying the Systemic Looting of Congo

Archive for May, 2010

Rwanda’s Mining Sector Output Grew 20% In 2008 – IEPA

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Rwanda’s Mining Sector Output Grew 20% In 2008 – IEPA

Last update: 5:44 a.m. EST Jan. 5, 2009
Jan 05, 2009 (Dow Jones Commodities News via Comtex) — DOW JONES NEWSWIRES

Rwanda’s mining sector output grew 20% in 2008 from the year earlier due
to increased export volumes of tungsten, cassiterite and coltan, the
country’s three leading minerals, the country’s Investment and Export
Promotion Agency said Monday.

By the end of October 2008, mineral export revenues increased to $89
million compared with $71.5 million for the whole of 2007.

“Although the mining sector is still largely artisan, based on the
export figures as of October, the revenues will hit more than $100
million in 2008,” IEPA said, adding that the mining sector is poised to
overtake coffee, tea and tourism as the country’s top revenue earner By
2010.

In 2007, mineral exports accounted for 40% of the country’s total export
revenue earnings, IEPA said. However, the report didn’t state the
quantities of minerals exported.

Rwanda now aims to increase annual mineral export revenues to $200
million by 2010 by attracting higher investment, modernizing mining
methods and expanding exploration. As a long term-measure, the country
also expects to attract more investments in mineral processing.

Rwanda has no large-scale mining industry and aid agencies say a large
part of the minerals are smuggled into the country from Congo’s
mineral-rich North Kivu province which has strong social and economic
links with the tiny.

-By Nicholas Bariyo, contributing to Dow Jones Newswires

Written by Congo Kin

May 15th, 2010 at 10:36 pm

Conflict Minerals Critique By Congolese Research Institute

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All these initiatives, however, have to face a basic problem.  The values which motivate the various national or international lobbyists, such as the inalienability of human rights (the civilian victims attributed to armed groups, the enslavement of miners and their inhuman working conditions, the impunity, and the absence of social dividends), the political climate (the management of natural resources, taking into account also the environmental as well as the social impact), and lastly the economic liberalization (the market, rather than the armed groups, regulating the trade), can hardly attempt to raise the level of responsibility of a Congolese state that is no longer seen to exist in many public sectors and areas of the country.   The question that arises is: Without a Congolese state capable of playing its role in controlling and running affairs, how can the minerals of Kivu be de-criminalized?

It is imperative that the various people and organizations of good will who are determined to ensure that the minerals of Kivu are ‘clean’ or conflict-free first work towards a definition of the basics necessary for the re-establishment of the Congolese state.  Only when this is in place will the control of the mining industry be possible.  The various initiatives will not be effective unless this basic condition is met.
Aloys Tegera
March 2010, Pole Institute, Goma, DRC

Click here (PDF) to read entire critique!

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